Onshore oil and gas regulation - information page

Closes 30 Sep 2019

Opened 19 Sep 2017


The Environment Agency is the environmental regulator for onshore oil and gas operations in England. We ensure that oil and gas operations are carried out in a way that protects people and the environment. We work with a number of regulatory bodies to oversee shale gas exploration in England.

The leaflets below explain more about the Environment Agency’s role and some of the controls that are in place to protect people and the environment.

We have also produced two short films, the first explains our approach to regulating the shale gas industry and the second covers regulation of the conventional oil and gas industry.

The way we work as a virtual team with our partner regulators, the Health and Safety Executive and Oil and Gas Authority, is set out in a new working together agreement that builds on our existing close collaboration.

We have received a number of enquiries about a group of techniques, known as acidisation. The document below covers our responses to the most commonly asked questions.


We carry out research as part of our evidence based approach to regulation of the onshore oil and gas industry. We use it to set high standards for the industry and to provide us with confidence in our knowledge of the local environment before, during and after operations. This helps us to ensure that the necessary controls are in place to safeguard the environment for future generations.

We collaborate as part of an international network for environmental regulators to learn best practice from around the world. We also joined an independent research consortium, led by Durham University, to look at the environmental impacts of fracking in Europe.

We will update this page with further resources to help explain our regulatory work and to publish research that we carry out to support our evidence base.


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