Introducing draft Flood Risk Management Plans

Closes 21 Jan 2022

Opened 1 Oct 2021


What is happening? Draft flood risk management plans (FRMPs) for England to cover the period from 2021 – 2027 are currently being developed. 

What are FRMPs? They are strategic plans that have measures (actions) for the flood risk areas identified in 2017 for surface water flooding and in 2018 for main river and sea flooding. We are working with lead local flood authorities (LLFAs) and risk management authorities (RMAs) to produce them.

When? A 3 month public consultation on draft FRMPs will take place from 22 October 2021 to 21 January 2022.

What is this information page for?

We want to introduce draft FRMPs to stakeholders as we approach the consultation period. These pages are designed to give you an overview of what FRMPs are, how they are being developed, and what you might expect in the consultation.

Preparing for consultation

We are working together with LLFAs and other RMAs to produce draft FRMPs. During the consultation period we want your views on the draft FRMPs. Your views will inform a final set of plans that will set out actions to manage flood risk between 2021-2027.

Image: Leasowe, Wirral, May 2021 (A. Measures)

New for second cycle flood risk management plans

1. Strategic: Second cycle flood risk management plans will be more strategic and focus on areas where the risk of flooding has been identified as nationally significant. These areas are flood risk areas (FRAs), where there is the potential for significant risk or impacts should major flooding occur from surface water, main rivers and the sea.

2. Accessible: They aim to be more accessible and easier to use for our stakeholders and the public than the first cycle of plans.

3. Flood plan explorer: The measures will be displayed on an online map-based tool called flood plan explorer. This will show what flood risk management measures are proposed as part of the FRMPs at a national and local scale and how they are progressing.

4. National Flood and Coastal Erosion Risk Management Strategy for England: The FRMPs aim to support and contribute to the delivery of the ambitions in the National Flood and Coastal Erosion Risk Management Strategy for England (FCERM Strategy).

Image: Chesham property flood resilience measures, July 2021 (Buckinghamshire Council/ Lakeside Flood Solutions)

Managing the flood and water environment

Flood risk management plans are one of a number of plans which together set out how the flood and water environment is managed. These include:

The FCERM Strategy, published in September 2020 - sets out a long term approach to resilience and adaptation.

River Basin Management Plans (RBMPs) - how organisations, stakeholders and communities will work together to protect and improve the water environment. The 2015 RBMPs are also currently being updated.

More on river basin management plans

  • RBMPs are strategic plans to support the delivery of the government's 25 Year Environment Plan.  
  • The Environment Agency is co-ordinating the preparation of the draft RBMPs with draft FRMPs for both managing flood risk and the water environment.
  • The RBMPs will summarise the billions of pounds that will be invested in the water environment to 2027. It is essential we continue to collaborate with key stakeholders across the water system to deliver multiple benefits.
  • A 6 month public consultation on draft RBMPs will take place from 22 October 2021, to co-ordinate with the start of the 3 month public consultation on draft FRMPs. 
  • You can find out more about river basin planning and RBMPs by visiting the river basin planning consultation page.

Shoreline Management Plans - which assess the risks from coastal flooding and erosion and identify how to manage these risks over the short, medium and long term. Also currently being updated.

Local Flood Risk Management Strategies – all LLFAs have a duty under the Flood and Water Management Act 2010 to prepare a local flood risk management strategy for their area. The strategy includes aims and actions to reduce the risk of all sources of local flooding to communities.

Drainage and Wastewater Management Plans – are led by water and sewerage companies. They include actions needed to ensure wastewater systems and drainage networks are sustainable and resilient to future pressures such as growth and climate change.


Frequency: Flood risk management plans must be reviewed by the Environment Agency and LLFAs every 6 years under The Flood Risk Regulations 2009 (

2015 - 2021: The first flood risk management plans were published in March 2016. They contain actions to manage flood risk across England between 2015 - 2021.

2021 - 2027: It is now time to update and consult on a new set of draft plans to cover 2021 – 2027. We will consult on the plans for 3 months, from 22 October 2021 to 21 January 2022.

Planning together and delivering in partnership

The FRMPs will also help to direct and deliver our flood investment programmes – like the 6-year flood and coastal erosion risk management (FCERM) investment programme. The plans will explore wider resilience measures like nature-based solutions for flood and water, and to set longer term adaptive approaches.

There are over 5.2 million homes and businesses in England at risk of flooding and coastal erosion. With a rapidly changing climate, the need to plan together to improve the overall resilience of our local places is more important than ever before.

The more we plan together and deliver in partnership, the more we can deliver together for local people, places and our environment.

Image: Brighton, East Sussex, May 2021 (B. George)

Flood risk management plans Quick facts
How many plans?
10 flood risk management plans covering the river basin districts (RBDs) across England, Wales and Scotland
In England 7 solely published by the Environment Agency, covering the RBDs of Anglian, Humber, Northumbria, North West, South East, South West, Thames
In Wales

2 cross-border flood risk management plans, covering the Severn and Dee RBDs.

The Environment Agency are writing separate FRMPs for the English Dee and English Severn catchments. Natural Resources Wales (NRW) are writing a FRMP for all of Wales, which will cover the Welsh part of these catchments. We have worked together to take an integrated approach.

NRW are currently working to produce an updated FRMP that covers all of Wales. You can find out more here.

In Scotland

1 cross-border flood risk management plan, covering the Solway Tweed RBD. 

The Environment Agency and the Scottish Environment Protection Agency (SEPA) produce separate flood risk management plans for the English and Scottish parts of the Solway Tweed River Basin District respectively.

The Environment Agency and SEPA, together with other risk management authorities, work together to manage flood risk in cross border areas. 

SEPA are consulting on their draft flood risk management plans until 31 October 2021. You can find out more here.

How many actions (measures) to manage flood risk?
There are around 2,000 measures in total across England.
How many flood risk areas?
The plans cover 114 flood risk areas for rivers and sea, and 61 flood risk areas identified for surface water


A public consultation on Flood Risk Management Plans will be taking place from October 2021.

This page may be updated as consultation approaches. You can also visit the Flood risk management plans GOV.UK page

If you have any questions on the Flood Risk Management Plans consultation, please contact us at



  • Anyone from any background


  • Flood management
  • Coastal management