Information page: Flood Risk Management Plans 2021 - 2027

Closed 21 Jan 2022

Opened 1 Oct 2021


What is happening? On 12 December 2022 the Environment Agency published updated  flood risk management plans (FRMPs)  for England to cover the period from 2021- 2027.

What are FRMPs? They are strategic plans that have measures for the flood risk areas identified in 2017 for surface water flooding and in 2018 for main river and sea flooding. We have worked together with Lead Local Flood Authorities (LLFAs) and risk management authorities (RMAs) to produce them.

When? We ran a public consultation on the draft FRMPs from 22 October 2021 to 21 January 2022. 

We have now reviewed the comments and published:

What is this information page for?

These pages are designed to give you an overview of what FRMPs are, how they have been developed, and how we prepared for consultation.

Preparing for consultation

We  worked together with LLFAs and other RMAs to produce draft FRMPs. During the consultation period we asked for views on the draft FRMPs. Your views have informed a final set of plans that will set out actions to manage flood risk between 2021-2027.

Image: Leasowe, Wirral, May 2021 (A. Measures)

New for FRMPs

1. Strategic. They are strategic and focus on areas where the risk of flooding has been identified as nationally significant. These areas are FRAs, where there is the potential for significant risk or impacts should major flooding occur from surface water, main rivers and the sea. We continue to work with other RMAs to manage flood risk outside of FRAs for other communities.

2. Accessible: They aim to be more accessible and easier to use for our stakeholders and the public than the 2015-2021 FRMP, with greater use of online mapping.

3. Flood plan explorer: The measures will be displayed on an online map-based tool called flood plan explorer. This will show what flood risk management measures are proposed at a national and local scale and how they are progressing. Flood plan explorer also formed part of the FRMP consultation.

4. National Flood and Coastal Erosion Risk Management Strategy for England: They aim to support and contribute to the delivery of the ambitions in the National Flood and Coastal Erosion Risk Management Strategy for England (FCERM Strategy), such as nature-based solutions, and longer term adaptive approaches for taking action at the right time.

Image: Chesham property flood resilience measures, July 2021 (Buckinghamshire Council/ Lakeside Flood Solutions)

Managing the flood and water environment

FRMPs are one of a number of plans which together set out how the flood and water environment is managed. These include:

The FCERM Strategy. Published in September 2020 - sets out a long term approach to resilience and adaptation.

River Basin Management Plans (RBMPs). How organisations, stakeholders and communities will work together to protect and improve the water environment. The 2015 RBMPs are also currently being updated.

More on river basin management plans

  • RBMPs are strategic plans to support the delivery of the government's 25 Year Environment Plan.  
  • We have co-ordinated the preparation of the draft RBMPs with draft FRMPs for both managing flood risk and the water environment.
  • The RBMPs will summarise the billions of pounds that will be invested in the water environment to 2027. 
  • A 6-month public consultation on the draft RBMPs ran from 22 October 2021 to 22 April 2022 to co-ordinate with the 3 month consultation on draft FRMPs. 
  • A summary of the RBMP responses has now been published. The final RBMPs will be published shortly.

Shoreline Management Plans. These assess the risks from coastal flooding and erosion and identify how to manage these risks over the short, medium and long term. Also currently being updated.

Local Flood Risk Management Strategies. All LLFAs have a duty under the Flood and Water Management Act 2010 to prepare a local flood risk management strategy for their area. The strategy includes aims and actions to reduce the risk of all sources of local flooding to communities.

Drainage and Wastewater Management Plans. These are led by water and sewerage companies. They include actions needed to ensure wastewater systems and drainage networks are sustainable and resilient to future pressures such as growth and climate change.


Frequency: FRMPs must be reviewed by the Environment Agency and LLFAs every 6 years under The Flood Risk Regulations 2009 (

2015 - 2021: The first FRMPs were published in March 2016. They contain actions to manage flood risk across England between 2015 - 2021.

2021 - 2027: It is now time to update and consult on a new set of draft plans to cover 2021 – 2027. We ran a public consultation on the draft FRMPs from 22 October 2021 to 21 January 2022.

Planning together and delivering in partnership

The FRMPs will also help to inform and drive existing programmes of work, such as the Programme of flood and coastal erosion risk management schemes. The plans will explore wider resilience measures like nature-based solutions for flood and water, and to set longer term adaptive approaches for taking action at the right time.

There are over 5.2 million homes and businesses in England at risk of flooding and coastal erosion. With a rapidly changing climate, the need to plan together to improve the overall resilience of our local places is more important than ever before.

The more we plan together and deliver in partnership, the more we can deliver together for local people, places and our environment.

Image: Brighton, East Sussex, May 2021 (B. George)

Flood risk management plans Quick facts
How many plans in this consultation?
10 covering the river basin districts (RBDs) which are wholly or partly in England. Some RBDs cross the border with either Wales or Scotland.
In England 7 solely published by us, covering the RBDs of Anglian, Humber, Northumbria, North West, South East, South West, Thames
In Wales

2 cross-border plans, covering the English parts of the Severn and Dee RBDs.

We have worked together with lead LLFAs and other RMAs to produce separate FRMPs for the English Dee and English Severn catchments. Natural Resources Wales (NRW) are writing a FRMP for all of Wales, which will cover the Welsh part of these catchments. We have worked together to take an integrated approach.

NRW are currently working to produce an updated FRMP that covers all of Wales. You can find out more here.

In Scotland

1 cross-border plan, covering the English parts of the Solway Tweed RBD. 

Separate FRMPs are produced for the English and Scottish parts of the Solway Tweed River Basin district. We produce the FRMP for the English part, and the Scottish Environment Protection Agency (SEPA) produce the FRMP for the Scottish part. We work together with SEPA and other risk management authorities to manage flood risk in cross-border areas. 

SEPA consulted on their draft flood risk management plans up until 31 October 2021. The final plans have now been published and can be found here.

How many measures to manage flood risk?
In total there are around 2,000 measures across all 10 FRMPs.
How many flood risk areas?
The plans cover 114 flood risk areas (FRAs) for rivers and sea, and 61 FRAs identified for surface water.


What happens next

On 12 December 2022 the Environment Agency published the final updated  flood risk management plans (FRMPs)  for England to cover the period from 2021- 2027.

Thank you for your responses to the draft FRMPs consultation. Responses received were analysed to identify actions to take as result of the consultation, and implement any changes needed in the FRMPs and to the associated Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA). We have also published the Habitats Regulations Assessment and the SEA Statement of Environmental Particulars.

The consultation feedback was compiled in two documents:

The ‘You said, we did’ document explains how the feedback received from the consultation on the draft FRMPs was integrated into the final FRMPs. It builds on the summary of responses document published in May 2022 and describes the work that the Environment Agency and other risk management authorities are committing to undertake until 2027.


  • Anyone from any background


  • Flood management
  • Coastal management