Response 1030875894

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2. The Salmon Five Point Approach

Q2.2a. To what extent do you agree with the summary of the current state of salmon stocks and the supporting information provided in Appendix 2?

Please select one item
Ticked Wholly
Partially
Not at all

3. Deciding which salmon stocks need further protection

Q3.2a. To what extent do you agree that a salmon stock should be subject to additional protection from net/fixed engine and rod exploitation if it is classified as either At Risk or Probably at Risk of failing to meet its Management Objective?

Please select one item
Ticked Wholly
Partially
Not at all

4. Review of existing National Salmon Byelaws

Q4.2a. Do you agree with the proposal to renew without amendments the existing National Salmon Byelaws to protect spring salmon stocks?

Please select one item
Ticked Wholly
Partially
Not at all

5.2. Possible options for salmon net and fixed engine fisheries - across England and the Border Esk

Q5.2a (This question is for net and fixed engine fishermen). If you were no longer able to fish for salmon or sea trout, what would be the consequences for you?

Please provide us with details of both financial and cultural (i.e. traditions within your community and / or how you spend time within your local environment). Ideally, please use the last 5 years of income to support your answer.
On a financial side it would not affect me, as only catching one or two salmon a season. On a tradition side I would still like it to carry on in Morcambe bay in the future when sustainable salmon stocks return.

Q5.2b (This question is for net and fixed engine fishermen). What are the opportunities for you to fish for other species if you could no longer fish for salmon or sea trout (e.g. white fish or crustaceans)?

If there are any please provide us with an estimated breakdown of the costs you would incur to switch to a different target species. Please indicate whether you would need to purchase quotas / different equipment.
N/A

Q5.2c (This is for businesses that are supplied with wild salmon and sea trout from English and Border Esk fisheries). Please provide details of the impact of stopping the supply of salmon and sea trout from the English fisheries that you buy from.

These impacts could be either financial and / or social. Ideally, please use the last 5 years of income to support your answer.
N/A

Q5.2d (This is for net and fixed engine fishermen). Please provide any other options for reducing the exploitation of salmon by your fishery that you would like us to consider.

Please provide details of these and why you would find them preferable to the possible options set out in Section 5.2: Table 2.
N/A

Q5.2e (This question is for net and fixed engine fishermen). Do you consider that your fishing gear and how it is fished enables salmon to be released alive immediately after capture?

Please select one item
Ticked Yes
No
I don't know
If you wish, please provide us with your reasons for this answer.
A salmon can be released from a lave net in seconds while still in the water causing the least amount of damage.

Q5.2f (This question is for net and fixed engine fishermen). Do you fish in attendance with your nets or do you set them and return?

Please select one item
Ticked Yes – in attendance
No – set and return

Q5.2g (This question is for net and fixed engine fishermen). Do you currently release salmon as a result of existing controls on your fishery?

Please select one item
Yes
Ticked No

Q5.2h (This question is for net and fixed engine fishermen). What type of gear do you use when fishing for salmon and/or sea trout? Please provide details.

Please provide details of the gear that you use.
lave net

Q5.2i (This question is for net and fixed engine fishermen). Do you consider that your fishing gear and how it is fished enables salmon to be released with minimal damage?

Please select one item
Ticked Yes
No
I don't know
Please provide us with information of the type of damage (e.g. scale loss or fin damage) that you see on the fish that you catch.
Minimal scale loss

Q5.2j (This question is for net and fixed engine fishermen). Would altering your gear make it easier to release and/or cause less damage to salmon?

Please select one item
Yes
Ticked No
I don't know

Q5.2k (This question is for net and fixed engine fishermen). If you could release salmon and continue to take the sea trout that you catch would you continue to fish for sea trout?

Please select one item
Ticked Yes
No
I don't know
If you wish, please provide us with your reasons for this answer.
I think fishing using a lave net causes the fish minimal harm and exhaustion.

Q5.2l (This is for businesses that are supplied with wild salmon and sea trout from English and Border Esk fisheries). Please provide details of the impact of stopping the supply of salmon only from the English and Border Esk fisheries that you buy from.

These impacts could be either financial and/or social/cultural. Ideally, please use the last 5 years of income to support your answer.
N/A

Q5.2m (this question is for both businesses and net and fixed engine fishermen that are supplied with / catch wild salmon and sea trout from Fisheries in England and on the Border Esk). If fishing for salmon was required to cease, is there a date later than 2018 that would be economically easier to work towards?

Please provide details of why a later date would reduce the impact of closure. These impacts could be either financial and/or social/cultural.
N/A

Q5.2n (this question is for both businesses and net and fixed engine fishermen that are supplied with / catch wild salmon and sea trout from Fisheries in England and on the Border Esk). How long do you consider the measures covering a fishery should be in place for?

Please select one item
Ticked 5 years
10 years
Other
Please provide details of why you have given this answer.
Minimum 5 years then a further 5 catch and release.

5.3. Possible options for salmon net and fixed engine fisheries - North East Coast Net Fishery

Q5.3a (This question is for North East Coast drift net licence holders). What implications would the closure of the drift net fishery prior to the end of the 2022 season have for you?

Please provide details of the impact (whether this is financial and/or social) on an annual basis. Ideally, please use the last 5 years to support your answer.
N/A

Q5.3b (This question is for North East Coast drift net licence holders). Are there opportunities for you to fish for other species (e.g. white fish or crustaceans) if the drift net fishery closed prior to the end of the 2022 season?

If there are please provide us with an estimate of the cost you would incur to switch to a different target species. Please indicate whether a change would require you to purchase quotas as well as any expenses around equipment.
N/A

Q5.3c (This question is for North East Coast beach net licence holders). Do you consider that your fishing gear and how it is fished enables salmon to be released alive immediately after capture?

Please provide details of the gear that you use and whether you currently release salmon as a result of existing controls on your fishery.
N/A

Q5.3d (This question is for North East Coast beach net licence holders). Do you consider that your fishing gear and how it is fished enables salmon to be released with minimal damage?

Please provide us with information of the type of damage (e.g. scale loss or fin damage) that you see on the fish that you catch.
N/A

Q5.3e (This question is for North East Coast beach net licence holders). With regard to the release of salmon and any damage that is caused, is there a difference in damage if it is grilse or multi sea winter salmon that are caught?

If you have answered yes please provide details.
N/A

Q5.3f (This question is for North East Coast beach net licence holders). Would altering your gear or the way it is fished make it easier to release and/or cause less damage to salmon?

Please provide details and an estimate of the cost if you consider this an option.
N/A

Q5.3g (This question is for North East Coast beach net licence holders). If you could release salmon and continue to take the sea trout that you catch would you continue to fish for sea trout?

If you wish, please provide us with your reasons for this answer.
N/A

Q5.3h (This question is for North East Coast beach net licence holders). What implications would the closure of the beach net fishery have for you?

Please provide details of the impact (whether this is financial and/or social) on an annual basis. Ideally please use the last 5 years earnings to support your answer.
N/A

Q5.3i (This question is for North East Coast beach net licence holders). Are there opportunities for you to fish for other species (e.g. white fish or crustaceans) if the beach net fishery were to close?

If there are please provide us with an estimate of the cost you would incur to switch to a different target species. Please indicate whether a change would require you to purchase quotas as well as any expenses around equipment.
N/A

Q5.3j (This is for businesses that are supplied with wild salmon and sea trout from the North East Coast Net Fishery). Please provide details of the impact of the stopping of supply of salmon only from the North East Coast fishery.

These impacts could be either financial and/or social/cultural. Ideally, please use the last 5 years of income to support your answer.
N/A

Q5.3k (This question is for North East Coast drift and beach net fishermen and the businesses that they supply to). If fishing was required to cease, is there a date later than 2018 that would be economically easier to work towards?

If yes, please provide an alternative date and details of why a later date would reduce the impact of closure. These impacts could be either financial and/or social/cultural.
N/A

Q5.3l (This question is for North East Coast drift and beach net fishermen and the businesses that they supply to). Are there other options for reducing the exploitation of salmon by your fishery that you would like us to consider?

Please provide details of these and why you would find them preferable to the options that we have provided.
N/A

5.4. All consultees' views sought on the options for net and fixed engine fisheries

Q5.4a (Seeking all consultees' views on the options for net and fixed fisheries in England and on the Border Esk (except North East Coast Net Fishery Options)). Which is your preferred option for net and fixed engine fisheries as set out in Section 5.2: Table 2?

Please select one item
Option 1
Option 2
Option 3
Option 4
Ticked I don't have a preferred option

Q5.4c (Seeking all consultees' views on the options for net and fixed engine fisheries in England and on the Border Esk (except North East Coast Net Fishery)). How long do you consider the measures covering a net and / or fixed engine fishery should be in place for?

Please select all that apply
5 Years
Ticked 10 Years
Other
Please provide details of why you have given this answer.
Its going to take that long for salmon stocks to return to a sustainable level.

Q5.4d (Seeking all consultees' views on the options for the North East Coast Net Fishery). Which is your preferred option for the North East Coast Net Fishery as set out in Section 5.3: Table 3?

Please select one item
Option NE1
Option NE2
Option NE3
Ticked I don't have a preferred option

Q5.4e (This question is for all consultees to answer and is in reference to the answer you have given to Q5.4d). What are the benefits, if there are any, which you would see from your preferred option for the North East Coast Net Fishery?

These could be economic as well as social/cultural, please provide details if you are able.
N/A

6.2. Possible options for rod fisheries - catch and release of salmon

Q6.2a (This question is for all consultees to answer and we are seeking your views on the possible options that have been developed). Which is your preferred option for the catch and release of salmon by rod fisheries from those that are set out in Section 6.2: Table 6?

Please select one item
Option 1
Ticked Option 2
Option 3
Option 4
I don't have a preferred option
Please provide details of why you have given this answer.
Option 2 100% catch and release on named rivers that are (AR) or (PAR)

Q6.2b (This questions is for all consultees to answer and is in reference to the answer that you have given to Q6.2a). What are the benefits, if there are any, which you would see from your preferred option for the catch and release of salmon by rod fisheries?

These could be economic as well as social/cultural, please provide details if you are able.
The only benefit would be that salmon rod fishermen could still fish for salmon on a catch and release basis, thus still needing a migratory fish licence, helping the Environment Agency with revenue.

Q6.2c (We would like to seek all consultees' views on the use of a voluntary (as opposed to mandatory) approach to deliver increased levels of catch and release). Do you agree with using a voluntary approach to deliver improved catch and release of salmon by rod fisheries?

Please select one item
Yes
Ticked No
I don't know
If no or don't know, please explain your answer and include any dis-benefits that you consider the use of voluntary catch and release would bring.
I think it would have to be mandatory. So its easier to police. If it's voluntary people are still going to take fish.

Q6.2d (If you answered yes to Q6.2c please answer these questions). Do you support the proposed levels of voluntary catch and release for rivers whose salmon populations are either At Risk, Probably at Risk or Probably Not at Risk (see Section 6.2: Table 6: Option 4)?

If you wish, please provide us with what you think the levels of voluntary catch and release should be and the reasons for your answers.
Mandatory

Q6.2e (If you answered yes to Q6.2c please also answer this question). What are the benefits that you would see in voluntary catch and release?

These could be economic as well as social/cultural, please provide details if you are able.
N/A

Q6.2f (This question is for all consultees). Would you support the voluntary catch and release of all salmon caught (100%) on rivers whose salmon populations are either?

Please select one item
At Risk
At Risk and Probably at Risk
Ticked At Risk, Probably at Risk and Probably Not at Risk
I would not support the voluntary catch and release of all salmon caught

Q6.2h (This question is for salmon anglers). Would you consider moving to a river where lower levels of catch and release were required?

If you wish, please provide us with your reasons for your answer.
N/A

Q6.2i (This question is for owners/lessees of salmon rod fisheries). What would the impact of these catch and release proposals be on your fishery (see Section 6.2: Table 6)?

Please provide us with details of which of the possible option(s) would result in a significant difference to your fishery. Please provide us with details of financial and social impacts.
N/A

6.3. Possible options for rod fisheries - improving survival of released salmon (voluntary measures)

Q6.3a (This question is for all consultees to answer and is about the best practice recommendations for catch and release). Do you agree with the catch and release best practice recommendations?

Please select one item
Ticked Yes, all of them
Some of them
None of them
I don't know

Q6.3b (This question is for angling club and fishery owners). With reference to the catch and release best practice recommendations in Section 6.3.3, which, if any, of these would you have difficulty applying to the waters under your control?

Please provides us with the details of your reasons why.
N/A

Q6.3c (This question is for all consultees to answer and is about other ways that you might improve salmon surviving capture). Are there any other catch and release best practice recommendations that you feel should be included?

Please select one item
Yes
Ticked No
I don't know

6.4. Possible options for rod fisheries - improving survival of released salmon (mandatory measures)

Q6.4a (This question is for all consultees). Do you consider that having a landing net available to use should be required by byelaw whilst fishing for salmon or sea trout in England and Border Esk?

Please select one item
Ticked Yes
No
I don't know

Q6.4b (This question is for all consultees). Do you consider that a landing net used when fishing for salmon and sea trout should be required by byelaw to have a maximum mesh size of 20mm (as measured across the widest point of the stretched mesh)?

Please select one item
Ticked Yes
No
I don't know

Q6.4c (This question is for all consultees). Do you consider that the use of barbed hooks should be prohibited by byelaw when fishing for salmon or sea trout with flies, lures or bait?

Please select one item
Ticked Yes
No
I don't know

Q6.4d (This question is for all consultees). Do you consider that the use of treble hooks should be prohibited by byelaw when fishing for salmon or sea trout with flies, lures or bait?

Please select one item
Ticked Yes, all should be banned
Yes, but only large treble hooks greater than size 8 should be banned
No, these should not be banned
I don't know

Q6.4e (This question is for all consultees). Do you consider that the use of circle hooks should be mandatory by byelaw when using worm as bait when fishing for salmon or sea trout?

Please select one item
Ticked Yes
No
I don't know

Q6.4f (This question is for all consultees). Should there be restriction on the use of Flying ‘Cs’ when fishing for salmon or sea trout?

Please select one item
Ticked Yes, Flying ‘Cs’ should be banned
Yes, Flying ‘Cs’ should only be allowed with single hooks
No, restrictions should not apply to the use of Flying ‘Cs’
I don't know

Q6.4g (This question is for all consultees). In your opinion, are there other types of equipment that should be prohibited by byelaw when fishing for salmon and sea trout?

Please select one item
Yes
No
Ticked I don't know

7. Further comments

Q7 (This is for all consultees). Please tell us if you have any further comments that you would like to provide on this consultation.

Please provide your further comments here.
Some things are out of our hands. But regarding the spawning grounds of salmon in our rivers I would like to see all rivers fenced from livestock so natural vegetation can giving cover for the fry and parr to grow, Then there's the farmers muck spreading which nowdays is liquid in large slurry tankers. And on a wet day tends to flow straight into the rivers, killing every fish in its path. If any have managed to survive, they then come up against the red breasted merganzers, gooszander and mink which are out of control on many rivers. If they do manage to get to smolt size and head towards the estuary mouth there awaits upto 50 cormorants which can eat around 1 lb - 2 lb of fish a day. I personally think that these are a major factor in declining salmon stocks in our rivers. P. Rhodes